Crime Busters of SA: farm murders 2001-2003
Solidarity trade union: - list of farm murders
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- A Stuijt
- Retired South African medical journalist, ex-Sunday Times of Johannesburg.
TB rates tripled over past ten years…
Written by Stuart Graham, Sapa -- Friday, 16 October 2009
The onset of both multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB) and extremely drug resistant TB (XDR-TB) and their lethal combination with HIV-AIDS also posed major challenges which “this country has never faced before". Yet The National Treasury estimates that only about R1,8-billion is available to fight TB -- well below the estimated R4,5-billion needed.
Prof Matshepo Matoane of Unisa (the University of South Africa) has also been warning for several years now that many TB-AIDS co-infected people often also display very dangerous, highly aggressive behaviour patterns – side-effects of these infections which can be especially lethal to the surrounding population, especially when such sufferers have access to dangerous weapons such as those used in the military and the SAPS…and also the large illegal weapons-arsenal available to the many thousands of armed-youth gangs terrorising the South African population… Killer-XdrTB and AIDS: no time for denial:
This warning was issued by deputy health minister Molefi Sefularo in Cape Town. The World Health Organisation (WHO) believes an annual 461,000 South Africans now contract TB each year…
In fact, “ South Africa's performance in fighting TB was worse than that of its neighbour Mozambique, despite having far better resources,” Sefularo told a meeting of Aids and tuberculosis specialists, the “Consortium to Respond Effectively to the Aids/TB Epidemic”.
- "TB prevalence has increased almost threefold in the last 10 years. South Africa is among the 10 worst performing countries on TB control. This has left us anxious and concerned."
A recent report by Statistics South Africa found that for every 100 deaths in 2006, 13 were from TB. This made this deadly bacterial infection the number one cause of death in South Africa.
Don’t just draft plans – get moving on the fight against TB…
"We need a change of mindset and more sense of urgency to confront the scourge of TB. Programme managers whose responsibility is to implement government programmes against TB and our partners, whose daily work is to assist us as a country to deliver better outcomes, should not only be satisfied with drafting crisis plans.
"All should work in partnership to ensure that society gets involved in our fight against TB, as we have declared this a priority disease."
Sefularo said the management of multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB) and extremely drug resistant TB (XDR-TB) and their lethal combination with HIV/AIDS means heavier demands on health workers than ‘they were ordinarily required to offer, as they have to maintain the delicate balance of respecting patients' human rights and the need to ensure public health safety in view of a fatally contagious ailment.”
What is it – exactly? YouTube video: http://youtube.com/watch?v=INdBNgOc5ls
“Psychosocial problems of patients a strain on health workers…’
- "The associated problems of compromised psychosocial well-being of infected patients place additional strain, as health workers often have to extend their service into areas that their training may not have adequately prepared them for," the deputy minister noted – thus also acknowledging the very serious and often aggressively-violent psychosocial behaviour displayed by such patients, which was already warned about by Unisa prof. Matshepo Matoane several years ago in alittle-noticed speech at the Saldanha military academy.
Although there were infection control policies and guidelines with better compliance in drug-resistant treatment units, there were major lapses in many institutions, including general hospitals.
- Positive TB-patients mix with open ward-patients…
- "Smear-positive patients are usually found in open wards, mixed with susceptible patients, including HIV-positive, diabetic and elderly patients," Sefularo said.
In response, the department is pushing for more intensive training on infection control in partnership with other institutions, including the CSIR."Existing policies and guidelines will be tailored to specific health facilities with individualised action plans."
Originally published by Mail & Guardian - http://sareporter.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=918&Itemid=1
I've been adding up all the statistics and have drawn up the following picture of the violent-crime situation since 2002:
Murders since 2002 totaled 94,774 -- plus Culpible Homicides totaled another 74,132 -- so added together, a total of 168,906 people were killed in criminal violence from March 2002 to April 2009. (Compare this to one of the worst war-zones: the total people killed in Iraq thus far in ALL their violence in the same period of time was 85,000 people -- and this included the number of trauma-related deaths in mortuaries also from traffic accidents...).
The attempted murders in South Africa since 2002 were 132,398 - which means that many lives could still be saved in hospitals. However with the hospital services deteriorating so fast now, the 'attempted murder' rates will undoubtedly be more rapidly converted to 'murders'.
It’s not known how many of these 132,398 'attempted murders' since 2002, also have died later from their injuries. Some become so long-term traumatised and paralysed that it takes many months or even years to die... and the police won't change those deaths to 'murders' because, they claim, these deaths 'could be from other non-related medical causes'...
Street robberies: Then look at this horrid picture: the total number of "street robberies" since 2002 were officially recorded at a total 444,305...
- However -- then one must also add to these another 'robbery' category, listed elsewhere, namely the 'aggravated robberies' (identical to street robberies, but then carried out with weapons), which were another 746,435 since 2002... I cannot figure out why they are listed seperatedly, however if you add these two statistics together, you get the real picture of the incredibly violent society which South Africa has been turned into since 2002....
- 444,305 + 746,435 robberies equals 1,190,740 violence-driven robberies -- and in a society with 47-million people that is an incredibly harrowing statistic.
When you look at this overall picture of violence-related crime in South Africa, one can understand why people ask for political asylum if they can't escape this rapidly-worsening death-trap by legal emigration...
And there’s also a strong impression among many victims that these criminal attacks are driven by racial hatred, since the vast majority (90%) of all the criminals are blacks (8,3% of these crimes are carried out by 'Cape coloured' gangs, the remaining 0,7% mostly culpible homicides, by Asians and Whites combined, according to the Institute of Security Studies. (In South Africa, culpible homicides do not include those deaths registered by the traffic authorities and related to negligence or willful violence in traffic accidents... )... so one can also imagine why most of those victims might perceive this crime wave as being targetted against them for racial reasons, especially if they get racial abuse shouted at them during these crimes...
Attacks against unarmed families by black gangs inside their homes: And the racial angle is definitely being reinforced even more by the incredible terror endured by so many South African families inside their homes:
- from those statistics it's clear that the most-targetted areas in 'residential homes robberies' are those regions occupied by'white' families, especially in Gauteng province:
"Residential robberies" were 9,351 in 2002 and have soared to a whacking 18,298 by April 2009 -- and 90% were carried out by black youth-gangs operating in heavily-armed, organised rape/murder gangs of five or more, the ISS describes them as 'militia gangs'-- which are targetting families inside their homes:
- add them all up and you get a total of 74,595 of these attacks against families since 2002... small wonder that more than 1,2-million of South Africa’s top-skilled young whites have already left the country permanently with their families…
Also, according to the analysis by the Institute of Security Studies this week about this specific crime-statistic, the homes most targetted were "working-class to upper-class homes in residential neighbourhoods in Gauteng province which suburbs are overwhelmingly occupied by white families. These include the great many attacks against the working-class Afrikaners living on the smallholdings of greater Pretoria, Randburg/Honeydew and the Vaal triangle, and also include the heavily-secured fortresses in the elite, 'white' upperclass suburb of Sandton...
So there you have it:
- the people most targetted by these violent, armed black attack gangs in Gauteng province most certainly are primarily white families - and they aren't all necessarily 'rich' either…
- Working-class Afrikaners who now have next to nothing left to steal, and are living in squatter shacks and caravans, crowded together on the smallholdings of relatives, also are being targetted by these gangs. Now why would that be unless these attacks were driven by racial hatred towards the victims? http://www.saps.gov.za/statistics/reports/crimestats/2009/crime_stats.htm
October 17 2009 – PRETORIA. This week, a growing number of urgent calls are issued via Facebook and internet sites from South Africa by the few private charities who actually care for the country’s more than 800,000 poor Afrikaners (out of 3-million).
The SA government food-agencies in many provinces still deny food-aid to most of these Afrikaner poor -- and they have thus far relied on private donations to keep the growing number of desperately hungry people fed and housed.
For instance, as can be seen on the picture on the left, the Helpende Hand charity of Solidarity Trade Union not only feeds the Afrikaner poor, but also helps provide backyard shanties to house these families. Solidarity trade union, which maintains this charity, also has a job-training and employment agency to try and help these often well-skilled Afrikaners find a job – even though most of these ‘whites’, even with top skills and job experience, are being barred from the entire labour market due to the government’s black-economic-empowerment laws.
These private charities this week have been issuing warnings that the great many Afrikaner squatter communities now are in an increasingly desperate situation, with the squatter camps’ residents physical strength reportedly waning due to the chronic under-feeding they have to endure.
Basically, these camps now are running out of food supplies and urgently need new donations – preferably canned foods. Also: ‘aching poverty includes all races now: http://censorbugbear-reports.blogspot.com/2009/10/aching-poverty-includes-all-races-and.html
Some 70+ Afrikaner squatter camps in greater Pretoria alone:
Food supplies have now completely run out at at least two charity-old-age homes caring for frail, pauperised Afrikaners – and many of the Afrikaner families in Pretoria’s more than 70 squatter camps for whites, now go without daily meals.
Helping Hand warns that especially the ‘white squatter camps in greater Pretoria have increased from 38 camps in May 2008 to 71 sites in February 2009. “Many thousands of Afrikaner children no longer have the money to obtain higher education after matriculation, and those who graduate from matric also are not allowed to access the South African labour market because of the ANC-government’s blacks-only hiring laws. Many tens of thousands of Afrikaner families now are completely reliant on the feeding schemes provided by charities like ours, for their daily food needs.’http://www.helpendehand.co.za/nuusbriewe/hh32.htm English: http://www.helpinghandfund.co.za/?page_id=53
DONATIONS TO HELPING HAND:
- Absa, Centurion, South Africa, Account Nr. 407 225 0017
- Branch: Centurion, branch-code: 632005
- Helpende Hand is a registered charity under Article 18A. Companies and individuals who make financial donations, can request an Article 18-A certificate for tax-reduction purposes. Inquiries for 18A tax-certificates: firstname.lastname@example.org.
OFFLOAD CANNED-FOOD DONATIONS TO HELPING HAND headquarters at:
- Helpende Hand Headquarters,
- D F Malan Drive, Kloofsig, Centurion:
- first call the office at Pretoria telephone 012-644-4390 to arrange the shipment processing:
Many whites still turned down by government feeding centres:
Depending on the officials the government food-aid centres for the poor, most whites also still find themselves being turned away from these feeding stations which have been set up by the ANC-provincial governments since 2002: despite urgent pleas to president Jacob Zuma in 2008 by Solidarity, suchso-called ‘whites’, referred to as ‘previously advantaged population members, ‘ are still being denied this food-aid by many officials, even if they are in a desperate situation such as this one, it is being reported.
There are just a few local private charities which actually help this increasingly desperate minority --- the main one being Solidarity Trade Union’s Helpende Hand organisation who now feeds some 800,000 desperate poor, homeless Afrikaners and helps erect squatter shelters for them; there’s also the Freedom Front party’s charity; the Reddingsdaadbond of the Boer Freedom movement; and a great many smaller religious charities and missions where poor Afrikaners have been given refuge across the country.
We need canned foods – urgently:
“Whatever you have – please send it to us. We especially need canned foods. These can be offloaded at “Oom Hans’ of the Reddingsdaadbond,” writes one such charity you can email at: email@example.com http://www.facebook.com/l/48f81;www.armoedebediening.co.za
Pictures of poor Afrikaner communities in Pretoria: http://www.facebook.com/album.php?aid=115729&id=503076530#/photo.php?pid=2963983&id=503076530
ANC elite on lavish spending spree with luxury meals, luxury cars:
- Wasteful spending hits R318 million - 16 Oct 2009 News24
Cosatu 'outraged' over multi-billion Rands’ arms costs - Cosatu has called for a full investigation into the A400M military transport plane deal, which will reportedly cost the taxpayer an extra R30 billion. They point out that South Africa has no enemies anywhere – what is all this new military hardware actually needed for?
sampling from album:
OTHER PICTURES OF AFRIKANER SQUATTERS:
SA’s population is going through a dramatic demographic shift: the tiny, black ANC-run entrepreneurial class referred to as the ‘black diamonds’ is growing richer and now owns 42% of the entire economy while tens of millions of black South Africans also are steadily growing poorer; some 9-million or more uneducated, poor African migrants battle for rapidly-shrinking resources, jobs and housing while at the same time pushing out the white working-class taxpayers from the inner-cities such as Johannesburg; and especially Afrikaner whites, all former taxpayers and ex-employers of many millions of black workers before 1994, now are rapidly becoming the country’s most pauperised bottom-feeders…
“The South African political landscape is changing at a dazzling speed not ever seen before. Rapid changes in the population growth rates, composition, mobility and income of the people living in South Africa is reshaping the entire demographic, economic and political landscape.
“This presents great challenges but also creates ‘wonderful opportunities’, writes the Afrikaner cultural leader.
Emergence of only two social classes: the very rich and the very poor of all races:
Smit writes that all the social-engineering demographics of the apartheid-years are being swept away and rapidly being replaced by the growth of two major economic classes - the very rich and the very poor -- and that this is no longer based on race and gender,: it now is rapidly spreading across all the four racial groups in South Africa. This dramatic change has also happened very suddenly after 1994, he writes, noting:
- A rapid reduction in the natural growth-rates of all of South Africa’s previous four main population groups.
- Among the black population, the huge death rate from the HIV/AIDS (and TB)-related epidemics are taking large toll and dampening down the black South African population growth.
- Rapid urbanisation has taken place right after 1994 – changing the cultures and economy of major South African cities and towns -- and which now are experiencing a massive, sudden demand on their delivery of essential services such as electricity, sewerage- and water-reticulation.
Smit warns that while the huge stream of African migrants “may bring some skills”, its many negative impacts seem to predominate, writing: “Immigrants are often linked to crimes and the growing drugs-trade.”
Economy limping along because of massive skills-loss:
However he blames the ‘massive loss of skills due to the huge emigration of skilled (whites) for the main underlying reason why the “the crippled economy is just limping along now…’
He also writes that the ‘rapidly aging population is also adding increasing pressure on the welfare-services of the State, yet the stagnating economy has at the same time, also caused the many private pension- and medical funds to take nose-dives in economic value.
500,000 deaths a year from AIDS/TB epidemics will drop by 2021…
The article was illustrated with a graphic predicting that the annual birth-rates will continue to drop from the 1,2-million in 2001 to about 1-million in 2021, taking all these factors into account. This would mainly be due to the levelling out of the current death rates to the AIDS (and TB-) co-epidemics, which he believes will drop steadily because of the growing number of antiretroviral treatments now being made available for free to AIDS-sufferers with foreign donations.
- At the moment, an official number of 800,000 people receive free antiretroviral treatment from the State, he writes – which is about half of the total infected population which actually needs it. (fn1)
52-million by 2021…
He believes that due to all these factors, the present South African population, estimated in mid-2009 at 49,3-million people, can be expected to steadily grow to about 52-million by 2021.
- And, he writes, “this would be good news, as this could beat the growing unemployment levels, now officially at 23% of the working-age population”.
Rapid urbanisation, education and a ‘general improvement in living standards’ – he writes – have all caused a ‘rapid drop in fertility rates’ for all four population groups:
- White South Africans already reached the replacement level of an average 2,1 children per woman in the late 1980s; Asian people and those of mixed-race will reach this level within the next two years, while black-African people can only be expected to reach this 2.1-child-per-woman ratio twenty years from now.
Minorities will become less:
This also means that whites, Asians and mixed-race minority groups in South Africa will continue to drop in numbers.
- By 1980, ‘whites’ represented 15% of the entire population. At the moment, this ‘official’ rate stands at 9,1% – however (with the proportionally-high death-rates from the many violent crimes targetting whites and ), coupled with this population group’s rapid emigration of 1,2-million since 1994 to date, this minority will “continue to shrink very rapidly”.
The second-largest single minority group in South Africa soon will be the mixed-race group still identified in South Africa as the “Coloured”, who now number only 40,000 less than does the white population, and also have higher birth-rates than do “whites”.
Immigrants are increasing fast – but by how many exactly?
He notes that ‘the exact number of migrants (from the rest of Africa mostly but also from Asia and China), remains a puzzle.
“Nobody actually knows the number of migrants from Africa and Asia now streaming into South Africa. The estimates vary wildly ranging anything from 4-million up to 12-million. An average estimate of 8-m to 9-million appears to be the most likely scenario.”
- “There’s the usual mix of unducumented and documented migrants, refugees and asylum-seekers in this group. And the corruption amongst SA officials and the SA Police Service also greatly helps these migrants to use the ‘revolving-door-syndrome’ to escape deportation.
“Trade unions speak with forked tongues about this matter, claiming that they are in favour of uneducated migrant workers from southern Africa, but at the same time are also against any immigration of skilled foreigners to try and alleviate the huge skills-shortages.”
“A few official statistics are available to indicate the rapid growth of the migrant-population.
- In 2007, 5.6% of the entire Gauteng province’s population (the country’s smallest, but with the biggest population and GDP-income) was already born outside South Africa.
- In Johannesburg’s CBD alone – in 1994 still primarily populated by working-class young white ratepaying families – now have an 8% African-migrant population (many from Nigeria). More than 50% of all the former white working-class Johannesburg flatlands - Yeoville, Berea and Hillbrow – now are occupied by foreign Africans.”
Meanwhile, more than 1,2-million people – mostly skilled whites, people of colour and Asians – have left South Africa permanently over the past 20 years, while at the same time, the country’s main population centres and inner-cities are being overwhelmed by the migrant black populations from the rest of Africa, to which is also added the steady stream of poor black migrants from the countryside, which is now rapidly being depopulated. (FN3)
“Thus the poverty of South Africa’s rural areas now is being rapidly transposed to urban areas,” he writes.
“ Luxury suburbs for the rich thus now are located right next to large squatter camps and traditional ‘African markets’ are located right next to upmarket shopping centres. This also means that the gap between the ‘wealthier’ and the ‘poor’ is also becoming more obvious and is growing faster than it was before 1994.
And the most rapid urban growth-rates are taking place in the provinces of Gauteng and the Western-Cape.
Gauteng, smallest province with the largest population:
“Gauteng, the smallest province, also produces more than one-third of the entire South African Gross National Product and has moreover now passed the province of Kwa-Zulu as the province with the largest population.’
Meanwhile less than 30 towns have shown a positive growth rate of white residents in the 2001-2007 period. The rapid depopulation of the countryside is also having a massive impact on the area schools, churches etc. (FN3)
Meanwhile all the available ‘open spaces’ in South African’s cities – click for Johannesburg details - are now becoming overcrowded with squatter-settlements. “There are more than 2,000 new squatter camp areas – and these huge new populations of new migrants are causing massive instability as these hundreds of thousands of poor people have to compete for the shrinking resources – fighting for the shrinking number of jobs, homes and municipal services.
There is a change in the country’s economic structure because of this inequal and rapid population growth, the government’s black-economic-empowerment laws leading to the mass-migration of the country’s best-skilled, and the rapid shift from an economically—skilled population to an uneducated, unskilled economy.
“White” share of total economy dropped from 70,4% in 1994 to 43% by 2007:
The Market-Research Bureau noted that the white population’s share of the total income of the entire population has dropped from 70,4% to 43% by 2007. (FN4)
Black share of economy grew from 22,5% to 42%
- At the same time, the share in the total income of the country of black people has grown from 22,5% percent to 42%. (*although this was to the advantage only of about 5% of the black ANC-ruled elite, referred to as the ‘black diamonds’). The income of ‘people of colour” and Indian-South Africans have also shown a steady increase since 1994.
White spending share is 11% in total - black economic spending soared to 45%
Spending ability: The spending-ability of black people in SA increased between 1990 to 2006 by 45%, whereas whites’ spending share was 11%.
The black middle-class earning between R2,400 and R18,600 a month has increased to between 9-million and 13-million. He said these so-named ‘black diamonds’ also represent the best assurance policy for economic stability in South Africa as the new taxpaying-class -- and importantly, by 2006, this black middle-class was primarily ‘self-employed’ rather than working for employers – the ANC’s black upperclass clearly is becoming increasingly entrepreneurial.
Hunger, poverty, spreads across all of the South African race groups:
However there’s also a huge drawback (and *which now is causing widespread unrest in black townships, FN5): this economic growth of the black-diamonds does not have a trickle-down effect on the rest of the poor population – i.e. the ANC-elite are not focused on improving the living conditions for the rest of the black population in the other provinces such as the Eastern Cape:
More than one-third of this high-income ‘black diamond’ class lives in the Western Cape and Gauteng.
“Limpopo and the Eastern Cape remain the poorest provinces showing the largest emigration patterns from the provinces,’ Smit notes.
Meanwhile, he also notes that more than half of all of South Africa’s black people – (more than 35-million) -- still live in dire poverty (and growing hunger: the World Food Organisation’s annual hunger-map, above now also includes South Africa) – while the growth of the number of pauperised white people (mostly Afrikaans FN4) also has been far taking place at a far more rapid pace than that of black people. (FN5)
He sets the number of poor white people (with an income of R1 or less per day) by 2007 at 600,000 (out of a total 3-million population). (FN2) However there were many more by the end of 2009. http://www.facebook.com/album.php?aid=115729&id=503076530
Thus a newly polarised community is now being created in South Africa which shows a rapidly-growing gap between the rich and the poor – and which now spreads itself right across all the racial-groups.
A better future will be very difficult to attain…
“South Africa is in a transition stage between an unrealistic past, but where the high expectations for a better future will be very difficult to attain,’’ he concludes. http://www.beeld.com/Content/In-Diepte/Nuus/1979/ac48928d812d4d2f898322c25ee6694e/16-10-2009-08-54/Arm_ken_nie_ras_of_geslag
footnotes, comments, sources:
(1) The perceived long-term medical ‘benefits’ of free ARV-distribution in South Africa: not calculated into this statistic by Prof Smit is the fact however that this free antiretroviral distribution network, funded mainly by the US government and the Bill & Melinda Gates foundation in the USA, has also become the primary source of a multi-billion Rand illegal dugs-trade throughout southern Africa - with criminal gangs dealing these donated drugs, buying them from health-workers and other government officials and selling them to youths to get high on, instead of using it to prevent the onset of full-blown AIDS. This also means that the great many infected patients are also being deprived of any access to these free ARVs). Also: http://censorbugbear-reports.blogspot.com/2009/09/psychiatrist-warned-of-lethal-mutinous.html
April 8, 2009 ABC News- “ A drug intended to treat HIV and AIDS is sweeping the townships of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. It is cheap and powerfully addictive."Nightline" witnessed the drug's effects upclose on a 17-year-old addict we're ... For the infected, anti-retroviral drugs, or ARVs, are the only things standing between life and a painful death.The drug is so cheap and plentiful, thanks in part to a well-meaning effort by the American government to distribute free ARVs'...http://www.aidshealth.org/news/in-the-media/no-turning-back-teens.html
(2) Growing white poverty: Afrikaner trade union Solidarity ‘s Helpende Hand charity now feeds more than 800,000 destitute , homeless Afrikaners throughout the country by October 2009); and the Freedom Front Plus political party’s charity feeds some 150,000 empoverished Afrikaners in the greater Pretoria/Johannesburg/Vaal Triangle region. sources: http://www.helpendehand.co.za and http://www.solidariteit.co.za
(3) Depopulation of the SA countryside and growth of famine: due to the dramatic drop in formal commercial farming jobs from 1,6-million in 1994 to below 350,000 by 2005 (SA Tax records 2005): Since 1994, South Africa has lost more than 65,000 commercial former food-producing farms since 1994 due to the ANC-regime’s land-confiscation laws: The Great South African Land Scandal.
- Rapid deterioration of Johannesburg inner city: http://www.behance.net/Gallery/Photography-This-city-we-love/115693
(4) Afrikaner pauperisation more rapid than English-speaking whites’ poverty: Due to their loss of their own economic and political hegemony after the British invasion of the independent Boer Republics (1902), the ‘white’ English-speakers also achieved a much larger share of the SA economy, for instance now still owning large portions of the mining and industrial industries, than ever did the Boer descendants who mainly remained artisan workers, i.e. the ‘Afrikaner ‘whites’)
- Poor white Afrikaners in Pretoria – feeding schemes Oct 2009: http://www.facebook.com/album.php?aid=115729&id=503076530
(FN5) The growing battle for resources in South Africa: The peculiar case of the Sakhile, Standerton voters: Frans Cronje Friday, 16 October 2009 -- For fifteen years South Africans have been able to freely elect their government. But many communities, such as that in Sakhile outside Standerton, behave as if the ANC is an illegitimate regime. These communities are increasingly resorting to violence to get the Government’s attention. In most cases they turn to violence despite the legitimate democratic channels that are open to them to address their grievances. Counting all national and local government elections the Sakhile residents have voted for an ANC Government 7 times in the last 15 years. The last national election was only six months ago. “That is an unambiguous mandate that the residents of that township have chosen the people and the type of Government that they want to live under”. Read more...
- Migration of poor uneducated black Africans to South Africa after 1994: http://migration.ucdavis.edu/mn/more.php?id=3128_0_5_0
- Revolving door syndrome: http://www.queensu.ca/samp/migrationnews/article.php?Mig_News_ID=773&Mig_News_Issue=3&Mig_News_Cat=8